“Even we believed that men would be interested in casual sex over long-term relationships,” Kuperberg said. Kuperberg found that the contributing factors to unprotected sex during a hookup were heavy alcohol intake, marijuana use and knowing your hookup partner well.When students were friends with the person they were hooking up with or had repeated hookups with the same partner, they were less likely to use a condom but also less likely to have been binge drinking.According to Brunhild Kring, associate director of counseling and wellness services at 61%-female New York University, this gender imbalance on college campuses discourages traditional dating and promotes casual sex.“In the last two decades, the gender ratio among college students has dramatically shifted,” Kring wrote in a 2012 article published by GROUP, the journal of the Eastern Group Pyschotherapy Society.But when women are in oversupply—as they are today at most U. colleges and universities—men play the field and women are more likely to be treated as sex objects.In 2013, the gender ratio among that year’s college graduates was , women to men. With girls continuing to outpace boys in school and young women continuing to attend college in ever-greater numbers, the U. Department of Education now expects the ratio to approach three women for every two men by 2023.Among the other findings: The study showed that the rate of dating and hooking up were essentially the same: While 62 percent of college students had hooked up, 61 percent had been on dates.Only a very small number of students, a mere 8 percent, had hooked up yet never been on a traditional date or involved in a romantic relationship. But overwhelmingly, both of them want long-term relationships much more.” The authors found that not only did 67 percent of the female respondents say they wished they had more opportunities for long-term romantic relationships, but an even larger 71 percent of male students felt this way.
But today, many observers worry, romance and courtship are falling out of favor.People are marrying and beginning families at ages later than previous generations while becoming sexually mature at an earlier age.As a result, Garcia and other scholars argue that young adults are able to reproduce physiologically but are not psychologically or socially ready to 'settle down' and begin a family.These developmental shifts, Garcia's systematic review of the literature suggests, is one of the factors driving the increase in hookups, a "popular cultural change that has infiltrated the lives of emerging adults throughout the Western world." The review shows that hookups are becoming increasingly normative among young adults and adolescents in North America and have taken root throughout the Western world, which represents a notable shift in how casual sex is perceived and accepted.Garcia and others have noted that the "past decade has witnessed an explosion in interest in the topic of hookups, both scientifically and in the popular media.